Pg 55 Yasur Hase; Hiroyuki Miyake; Fumiko Oshikawa (2002).
Most of these categories bitsat sample papers pdf have legal implications.68 Shias regard Ali as the successor of Muhammad not only ruling over the community in justice, but also interpreting Islamic practices and its esoteric meaning.We, at San Jose, looked at material from London-Stanmore, London-Hujjat, Vancouver, Minnesota, Toronto, and Irvine's Islamic institutions, as well as that available on various websites to compile age-appropriate textbooks for use by our students.Administrative Department of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan - Presidential Library - Religion Esposito, John.Goldziher,., Arendonk,.142 Branches edit The Shia belief throughout its history split over the issue of the Imamate.
"The Origin and Early Development of Shi'a Islam Oxford University Press, 2002,.
"The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Religions Brandon Toropov, Father Luke Buckles, Alpha; 3rd edition, 2004, isbn,.
The World Factbook on Afghanistan.Later Ilkhanate rulers, beginning with Ghazan in 1295, embraced Islam his brother Öljaitü promoted Shia Islam.143 Twelvers constitute the majority of the population in Iran (90 144 Azerbaijan (85 16 145 Bahrain (70 Iraq (65 Lebanon (65 of Muslims)."Al-Ahram Weekly Region Shi'ism or schism"."The Institute of Ismaili Studies - The Initial Destination of the Fatimid caliphate: The Yemen or The Maghrib?".43 Hasan windows media player xbox 360 ibn Ali edit Main article: Hasan ibn Ali Upon the death of Ali, his elder son Hasan became leader of the Muslims of Kufa, and after a series of skirmishes between the Kufa Muslims and the army of Muawiyah, Hasan agreed to cede.Albany: State University of New York Press.Main article: Ismah Ismah is the concept of infallibility or "divinely bestowed freedom from error and sin" in Islam.The Sunni Shahada states There is no god except Allah, Muhammad is the messenger of Allah, but to this the Shia append Ali is the Wali (custodian) of God.The persecution of the Shia throughout history by Sunni co-religionists has often been characterized by brutal and genocidal acts.